Andrew Jackson Autograph
Andrew Jackson autograph documents are highly coveted among collectors of Presidential memorabilia.
Andrew Jackson was the seventh and one of the most controversial of United States Presidents. Born in either North or South Carolina, Jackson was a born politician who got his start with the military. Jackson was also known as "Old Hickory" because of his staunch and unrelenting personality. As a youngster he participated against the British in the Revolutionary War. After being captured by the enemy he was almost starved to death and beaten brutally. The resultant scars on his face were a constant reminder of the savagery of war. Jackson intensely hated the British as a result of his experience. His administration expanded the spoils system, disassembled the national bank, and led to the renown Trail of Tears, part of the displacement of the American Indian to areas called Indian Territory. Andrew Jackson autograph documents related to these events are coveted by historians.
In his youth, Jackson studied law and was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in North Carolina and became a delegate to the Tennessee constitutional convention. His career in politics took off and he became a Congressional representative from Tennessee and then a senator from the same state. During a one-year hiatus from government politics, Jackson served as a judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court. Documents signed by Andrew Jackson during this period are scarce and hard to find on the marketplace.
In 1804, Jackson became owner of his family estate known as the Hermitage near Nashville, Tennessee. His 640-acre plantation held as many as 4150 slaves. Jackson was also one of the founders of Memphis, Tennessee. In 1812, Jackson was as a military leader that defeated the Indians of northern Alabama and Georgia. Sam Houston and David Crockett served under Jackson. In 1815, Jackson took great pleasure in defeating British forces in the Battle of New Orleans. His courageous performance at the Battle of New Orleans made him a national hero.
Jackson's defeat of the Seminole Indians led to the acquisition of Florida by the United States. Spain ceded Florida to the United States by the Adams-Onis Treat. In 1825, Jackson resigned his position as Senator from Tennessee. His supporters for the Presidency of the United States included John C.Calhoun and Martin Van Buren. The moniker of Jackson as a jackass was popularized by political cartoonist Thomas Nast and subsequently became the symbol of the Democratic Party. In 1829, Jackson was elected President of the United States. He became the first President to invite the public to post-inauguration ceremonies.
In 1835, Jackson and his Presidential administration did something that was unheralded in the history of the United States; they paid off the national debt. However, beginning two years later the Panic of 1837 extended the national debt to unprecedented levels. The Panic lasted for over seven years. Jackson vehemently opposed re-chartering the Second Bank of the Unites States. Jackson claimed that the bank wielded too much economic power and that too much economic power in a single institution was dangerous. After a bitter battle, Jackson managed to veto the charter of the Second Bank of the United States. The Bank came to a close in 1832 when the United States withdrew its funds. Andrew Jackson autograph documents relating to his actions on the Bank of the United States are found in the Library of Congress.
State banks proliferated following the demise of the Second Bank of the United States. Monies from the United States were invested in a multitude of smaller banks. This was the beginning of "Wildcat Banking" where banks would set up at remote locations, gather deposits from nearby residents, and close overnight, absconding with depositors money. Additionally, the local banks issued their own bank notes that could only be redeemed at their bank. Often, the paper bank notes were not backed by gold or silver reserves. The problem of precious metals as an exchange was exacerbated by Jackson's Specie Circular that required buyers of government land to pay with specie (gold or silver.) The demand in specie overwhelmed many local banks that had little or no reserves of gold or silver. Many small banks collapsed, leading to the Panic of 1837 and a national depression that took years to resolve.
One of the greatest controversies surrounding Andrew Jackson was his relocation agenda regarding American Indians. Jackson advocated relocating Indians to Territories. Indians were relocated to Arkansas and Western lands. Ancestral lands occupied by Indians for generations were lost to the Indians. Displacement and relocation to new lands was known for the Cherokee Indian tribe as the Trail of Tears. Jackson's support of the Indian Removal Act in 1830 authorized the government to negotiate treaties that purchased Indian lands in exchange for territory in the far west that was outside of existing borders of the United States. Over 45,000 American Indians were relocated to the West. Jackson's policy was popular in the South. Checks from Indian Territory banks are popular among collectors.
Collectible autographs from Andrew Jackson remain popular. Fortunately, they are available in the form of documents, letters, signed checks, and other forms of correspondence. Jackson was the last President to personally sign land grants. Land grants from Jackson are available on the autograph marketplace. Checks from Andrew Jackson make wonderful display pieces. Our Andrew Jackson autograph reproduction would make a wonderful display piece that would rival in appearance authentic specimens that cost thousands of dollars.
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