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Thomas Vyner     $15.00
Thomas Vyner
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Thomas Vyner signed this document in London, July 19, 1658.  Vyner signed as 1st Baron Sir Thomas Vyner (Viner) (1587-1665) Royal Goldsmith and Banker, Lord Mayor of London, Comptroller of the Mint, Sheriff of London, Knighted by both Oliver Cromwell and King Charles II. The document is a sight draft to the Worshipful Daniel Bellingham, Alderman in Dublin, for 500 pounds. It reads, in part: " On sight of this my second letter of credit (my first not being paid) pray pay unto Timothy Stamp, Esq. or his assigns Five Hundred pounds, and take his bill or __ for so much and it shall be allowed you on account, or sight, thereof by - Yr... friend Tho: Vyner, Gs [Goldsmiths] Company." It is docketed on the reverse "2nd Ltr of Credit for 500 [Pounds] 1658." [Like Vyner, Sir Daniel Bellingham (c. 1620-72) was a Goldsmith, but located in Dublin. The two had a longstanding business relationship and in 1662, Sir Thomas, his nephew Robert Vyner, and Bellingham received a 1662 patent from Charles II to erect a mint and coin silver money in Dublin. Bellingham was sheriff of Dublin in 1655, Alderman of Dublin in 1658, knighted in 1662, Deputy Receiver-General and Vice-Treasurer of Ireland from 1663-66, and the first, ever, Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1665. Bellingham made Dublin's "Great Mace" (symbol of authority) which is the largest Mace in Ireland, used in civic ceremonies-- like installation ceremonies for the Lord Mayor)] Sir Thomas Vyner was born in Gloucestershire, England. At age 12 his father died and he was sent to London where he was apprenticed as a Goldsmith under Samuel Moore, his brother-in-law. In due course he became a Citizen of London and Goldsmith, and a Member of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths. His position led to great wealth and in 1624 obtained a reversionary grant in the Office of Comptroller of the Mint. He served as Sheriff of London from 1649, Alderman of Billingsgate from 1646-51, and Alderman of Longbourne from 1651-60. During the time of Oliver Cromwell he supplied large quantities of bullion and plate, and contracted for coining it into money. He was knighted by Cromwell in Feb. 1653. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1653. Upon the restoration of Charles II to the throne, Vyner became the royal goldsmith, minting captured gold and silver for the royal household. He was also one of the leading bankers to Charles II, who created him a Baron in June 1661. Charles also knighted Vyner. There are conflicting accounts as to Sir Thomas Vyner's political conduct during the period that ushered in Cromwell. One account states that he was present in his capacity of Sheriff at the execution of King Charles I and assisted at the proclaiming Oliver, "Protector." A different account speaks of him as having been loyal, and having refused to purchase any of the confiscated Estates; and that on the Restoration of King Charles II., he ingratiated himself with the King by proclaiming Cromwell a Tyrant and Usurper, and that by riding before the King bareheaded the King made him his first Knight, and afterwards created him a Baronet. Given that he was knighted by both Cromwell and Charles II, there is probably a little bit of truth in both accounts. Vyner was a man who could "read the handwriting on the wall" to keep his head on his shoulders. In any event, as a leading goldsmith and banker, he was useful to both Cromwell and Charles II-- probably the real reason he kept his hea.d He died at his country house in May 1665 and he was succeeded in the Baronetcy, by his eldest son, Sir George Vyner. His nephew and partner, Sir Robert Vyner, also became Lord Mayor of London. The document has two small hinge marks on the reverse o/w fine condition. Partial small rose watermark in the lathed paper. Neat financial document.  This Thomas Vyner autograph check reproduction would look great in an album or display.


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